GMAT stands for Graduate Management Admission Test. It is an entrance exam conducted by GMAC, and is used by colleges and universities, as well as by business schools, to shortlist and admit candidates to their MBA, MS, and MiM courses.
GMAT contains 4 sections. Each section is timed and scored. The overall score, which is out of 800, is determined by a combination of section scores in the Quantitative Ability and Verbal Ability sections of the exam.
In this article, we cover all aspects of the exam, including its syllabus, its format, its 4 sections that you have to attempt, and its newest section sequence option that allows candidates to attempt the exam in one of three possible sequences of sections. To supplement the information we have provided here, you can visit the Official GMAT website as well.
The GMAT exam consists of 4 sections. They are:
In the Quant section of the GMAT, you have to answer 31 questions in an allotted time of 62 minutes. All questions are multiple choice questions with 5 options given to choose from. There are 2 question formats used in the Quant section. They are Problem Solving (PS) and Data Sufficiency (DS)
In the Verbal ability section of the GMAT, you have to answer 36 questions in an allotted time of 65 minutes. All questions are multiple choice questions with 5 options given to choose from. There are 3 question types in the GMAT Verbal Ability section. They are Sentence Correction (approximately 13 questions), Critical Reasoning (approximately 10 questions) , and Reading Comprehension (approximately 13 questions spread across four passages).
In the Integrated Reasoning section of the GMAT, you have to answer 12 questions in an allotted time of 30 minutes. All questions are multiple choice questions. The format of the questions varies as per the question type. There are 4 question types in IR. They are Graphics Analysis, Table Analysis, Two-Part Analysis, and Multi-Source Reasoning. Each of the four question types will have about 3 questions asked.
The Analytical Writing section of the GMAT consists of one essay topic to which you have to respond in an allotted time of 30 minutes. This is a subjective question type and you have to type the response in an editing tool that has been provided. The essay topic is a short argument and you have to write a critique of the same.
Let us now analyze in detail what is tested on each of the GMAT sections. For this, we take a look at the GMAT syllabus.
What does the GMAT syllabus contain and what are the topics tested on the GMAT in 2020? Here, we have detailed all the topics and sub-topics that you need to study while preparing for the test.
The Quant (Math) section syllabus of GMAT covers the following areas:
Arithmetic: The topics tested under Arithmetic are as follows:
Number classification e.g. Real numbers, Integers, etc. Factors of a Number and Divisibility check, Powers and roots of a number (indices), Absolute Value, Inequalities, Venn Diagrams (Set theory), Permutations & Combinations and Probability, Descriptive Statistics (Averages, Median, Range, Standard Deviation), Percents,
Algebra: The topics tested under Algebra are as follows:
Time, Speed, Distance, Rate and Work, Equation based questions, Questions from other topics such as Inequalities, Averages, Percents that involve equations and use of variables such as x or y,
Geometry: The topics tested under Geometry are as follows:
Basic Geometry involving Triangles, Quadrilaterals, and Circles, Coordinate Geometry involving Equation and Slope of a Line, Equations of Graphs, and Graphs with inequalities, Formulae for surface area and volume of solids such as Cube, Cuboid, Cylinder, Cone, Sphere,and Hemi-sphere,
The Verbal Ability section syllabus of GMAT covers the following areas:
Sentence Correction (SC) / Grammar sub-section
The topics tested under the Sentence Correction section of the GMAT are as follows:
Agreement between Subject and Verb, Pronoun Usage, Modifier errors, Tense usage errors, Comparison errors, Parallelism, Identifying faulty Parallelism, Idiom usage, Diction rules, Redundancy,
Critical Reasoning (CR) sub-section
The topics tested under the Critical Reasoning section of the GMAT are as follows:
Looking for assumptions in arguments, Weakening or Strengthening an argument, Resolving a conflict in the argument, Completing the argument, Providing a conclusion for the argument, Evaluating an argument, Identifying the role of certain parts of the argument given in boldface, Evaluating a plan of action, Identifying the structure of a response given in the argument,
Reading Comprehension (CR) sub-section
The topics tested under the Reading Comprehension section of the GMAT are as follows:
Explicit Idea questions, Inferential questions, Identifying the primary purpose of a passage, Critically examining a conclusion in a passage, Identifying the role of a word, phrase, sentence, or paragraph in a passage.
The passages in Reading Comprehension can belong to the following categories:
Sociology, Anthropology, History, Philosophy, Literature, Religion, Music, Economics or management, Life sciences such as Biology or Medicine, Non-life sciences such as Physics, Galaxies, Chemistry,
The Integrated Reasoning section of GMAT covers the following areas:
Graphics Analysis Questions: Line Graphs, Bar Graphs, Scatter Plots, Curved Graphs, Pie Charts,
Table Analysis Questions: Tabular Data, Sort tool functionality, Arranging columns in ascending or descending order in order to answer questions,
Two-part Analysis Questions: Numeric data with answer in 2 parts, Logical Reasoning with answer in 2 parts
Multi-source Reasoning Questions: Data given in three tabs, Only one tab viewable at a time, Tabs can contain data in Text, Table, or Graphics form.
The Analytical Writing Assessment section syllabus of GMAT covers the following areas:
Quality of Ideas presented: Looking for questionable assumptions, Providing alternative explanations, Examining the use of evidence.
Organizing, developing, and effectively presenting the ideas: Avoiding bullet points, Grouping ideas, Expanding on ideas.
Making effective use of reasoning and examples where appropriate: Applying the process of reasoning while presenting ideas, Making use of appropriate examples where possible
Adhering to the rules of standard written English: Spellings, Punctuation, Grammar, New GMAT pattern & format
The latest exam pattern (format) for GMAT is as follows:
Verbal skills such as Grammar, Reasoning, and Comprehension
Math skills and their application to solving problems. Checking whether given information is sufficient or not
Ability to apply reasoning to information presented in various formats, as you might need in a business environment
Ability to write a critique for the argument given
Analytical Writing Assessment
Analytical Writing Assessment
Analytical Writing Assessment